This suggests that what we look at and what we see are two different things. If a new topic of interest emerges this way, don't drop it merely because it was not in your initial list.
The researcher then spends time with the group of people under study to get a sense of how they live, their beliefs and rituals, and their interactions with each other and those around them.
International Journal of Qualitative Studies in Education. One problem is that you are formulating the answer when you create the yes-no question, which means it did not originate with the informant.
Some informants will ask if they can see your final write up. You said that you felt X because of what you had experienced in worship.
If you make those three assumptions, you will soon find yourself organizing things adequately. How typical do you think that is?
Some of the informants also viewed a portion of a worship service on videotape. What I do want to learn about is the way in which you experience worship and the way in which worship relates, or does not relate, to the rest of your life.
A yes-no question is rarely useful except for lawyers and congressmen trying to bully witnesses. What are the attitudes of elderly people with stroke towards the daily use of assistive devices and technologies?
Once the informant starts on a discussion, you can then ask for examples or clarifications that gradually elicit what it is that you are trying to learn. Sometimes repeating a striking word that the informant has used will result in an elaboration.
When you say that this part of worship was Z, is that also part of X? Choosing Between Quantitative and Qualitative Approaches. Start with activities at home that are different from other days and continue through the steps until you have arrived home from church.
There is no predetermined "right" answer. Rather the questions are listed by type according the structure defined by James Spradley. You may choose to share that information with me along the way but that is not my purpose.
Whether this complicates your project depends, obviously, on the goals of your interviewing. That is why the opposite of "right to life" is "right to choose" when both phrases refer to the legalization of abortion, or why "freedom of religion" is sometimes a code word for opposition to "gay rights.
Using language or community boundaries to bound the ethnography is common. You mentioned one part of your typical Sunday morning routine. Can you describe the way it took place that time? They are subject matter about which you are the unique world authority. If you plan on being dim or dead by the time the notes are next used, you will make the written lists and explanations that can avoid the embarrassment of forgetting what conventions you adopted.
As an attentive interviewer you may wish to return when opportunity presents itself. Participation, rather than just observation, is one of the keys to this process. The first step in that is making sure they are well organized and adequately indexed so that you can find information when you look for it.
That is harder than it sounds, but keep it in mind:1- Defining Ethnographic Writing Home» 1- Defining Ethnographic Writing Chapter 1 provides a basic definition of ethnography in order to situate an overview of the reasons for assigning, benefits for conducting, and characteristics of ethnographic writing.
Methodological discussions focus more on questions about how to report findings in the field than on methods of data collection and interpretation. Cultural anthropology and social anthropology were developed around ethnographic research and their canonical texts, which are mostly On Writing Ethnography Chicago: University of Chicago.
I cannot proceed because I cannot formulate well the questions for my research.
This is also my first time to do a qualitative research and an ethnographic research. At the start of every interview there was a brief explanation about the nature of the interview and the research in which I was engaged.
The explanation was comprised of a variety of ethnographic elements that were defined by James Spradley. Writing Good Qualitative Research Questions Posted on May 5, by Gavin Davie Got a great handout a while back that I stumbled over today, hopefully it’s as helpful to you as it was to me.
Research Questions and Hypotheses I writing qualitative research questions; quantitative research questions, objectives, and hypotheses; and mixed methods research questions.
In ethnographic research, Spradley () advanced a taxonomy of ethnographic questions that included a mini-tour of the culture-sharing group, their .Download