Egyptian civilization may at the outset have received some inspiration from Sumer, but a distinctive pattern soon developed in both religion and politics. The Olmec were similar to the Indus River society in that they were united more by culture than by government.
Work Cited Aird, Hamish. The polis culture, however, had great empires that were ruled by monarchs and kings. Most of the painting that they made were meant to provide company to the people who have died in their afterlife.
This was a direct democracy, with each citizen personally serving government, there were no representatives. They had one god. Any community whose citizens at any time became the subjects was automatically removed from the polis Buckley, The Greeks also had the notion that the soul of the person still existed in the afterlife, as it went into the underworld to be ruled by the god of underworld Hades.
Due to the Ethnic and cultural diversity of the region, city-states were independent of each other and constant rivalries arose. As the agricultural surplus grew, more people began to specialize as artisans, for example, in metal working or trading.
So here we are to compare and contrast Egypt and Mesopotamia. Because of these differences in geography, both these civilizations were subjected to different kinds of exposure, which included contact with other civilization and cultural inheritance.
During its existence Ancient Egypt stayed primarily unified, ruled by a King pharaoh whom was not only chosen by the gods, but was a living god himself. Within several hundred years of the collapse of the Akkadian Empire, Assyria had become a major empire.
Indeed Egypt always had fewer problems with political unity than Mesopotamia did, in part because of the unifying influence of the course of the Nile River. These communities did not grow in size and complexity. These tryants strove to keep rule from the oligarchy by creating an alliance with the common people.
The Sumarians were conquered by the Akkadians, the Akkadians by the Babylonians who were conquered by the Assyrians, who eventually crumbled only to rebuild again to fall to the Babylonians.
One of the things that is also common in the dwellings structure of all three ancient civilization is the use of landscaping. Luxury items for the rich were made from exotic materials and advanced technology; whereas, local materials and lower technology was used for ordinary people.
A History of Ancient Egypt. One of the most apparent aspects of both these civilization that sets them apart at a glance is the differences in their art.
The belief absolute truth exists. Any person elegible for citizenship, who declined, were idiots. Temples to these gods were constructed atop massive ziggurats which were in the centers of most cities.
There were even marshes and jungles in this area. The annual floods caused anyone trying to live there to flee to higher ground. One similarity between the two is writing. Also, perhaps coincidently, the Olmec and Shang civilizations began around the same era, beginning in B.
Thus, Egypt was more like China, in this respect, than Sumer or India. However, Mesopotamia, Indus Valley, and Egypt also grew and peas, beans, and lentils and raised goats, sheep, pigs, and cattle.
Map of the Akkadian Empire. The pharaoh ruled over the entire Nile River Valley after Menes united the north and south in B.Comparing and Contrasting Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome. Search the site GO. History & Culture. Ancient History & Culture Basics Major Figures & Events Ancient Languages Greece & Sparta Egypt Asia Rome Literature Mythology & Religion American History African American History African History Asian History European History.
Revised: Comparing gender roles in the ancient civilizations of Egypt and Mesopotamia shows similarities in how women took care of their families yet distinct differences are seen in the power women had in the separate governments.
Arts of the ancient world refers to the many types of art that were in the cultures of ancient societies, such as those of ancient China, Egypt, Greece, India, Persia, Mesopotamia and Rome. Timelines [ edit ]. Oct 05, · Comparing Ancient Egypt to Mesopotamia Every society is greatly influenced by the environmental setting it emerges in.
Although there’re some similarities in the paths of development between different civilizations, great differences may exist. Directions: Think about the three Ancient Civilizations we have studied so far. Write down any similarities you can think of between the Indus Valley and Ancient Egypt and/or Ancient Mesopotamia.
Ancient Mesopotamia was located in a region where large stone quarries were inaccessible, therefore they had to use smaller scale blocks and hence, there architectural wonders, although splendid in every way, look a bit small when compared to Egypt.Download